1. Homework assignments (carefully chosen) are excellent forms of formative assessment. Each student can often be given different questions to answer. This reduces the likelihood that they will share in group answers. The teacher needs to correct these assingments by examining the process and then carefully and completely commenting on it in order to identify deficient areas and clarify concepts.

2. Practice tests before SA tests force students and teachers to recognize any deficient areas where “tuning up” is required.

* 3. Formal pretests allow teachers to determine what concepts are already known and to what depth they are understood. When combined with the final SA they also enable teachers to determine how much learning has taken place, and whether the learning objectives have been met.

* 4. A short quiz at the end of a lesson can be used to determine whether key concepts were understood.

* 5. I’ve used observation often while students work through problems in class.

6. Student conferencing is what I do once assignments have been returned. When incorrect answers arise from a misapplication or misunderstanding of the concepts, I ask students to see so that I can address the problem completely.

The ones marked with an * are new for me, and I will use them in the near future.

2. Practice tests before SA tests force students and teachers to recognize any deficient areas where “tuning up” is required.

* 3. Formal pretests allow teachers to determine what concepts are already known and to what depth they are understood. When combined with the final SA they also enable teachers to determine how much learning has taken place, and whether the learning objectives have been met.

* 4. A short quiz at the end of a lesson can be used to determine whether key concepts were understood.

* 5. I’ve used observation often while students work through problems in class.

6. Student conferencing is what I do once assignments have been returned. When incorrect answers arise from a misapplication or misunderstanding of the concepts, I ask students to see so that I can address the problem completely.

The ones marked with an * are new for me, and I will use them in the near future.